Novel Approach to Asset Inventory of Facility-Related Control Systems through Augmented Reality

Abstract:

You cannot protect what you do not know you have. The first rule of cybersecurity is knowing what you have to better protect it. This paper presents an innovative remote inventory pilot for U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) sites’ Facility-Related Control Systems that leverages low-cost hardware, video conferencing, and augmented reality to carry out an asset inventory as defined by USAR. Organisations should consider leveraging augmented reality when planning remote asset inventories.


AUTHORS

Photo of Photo of Dr. A. David McKinnon

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Dr. A. David McKinnon is a Senior Cyber Security Researcher at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. His research interests are in cyber security and distributed sensor systems. Dr. McKinnon's current focus is on enhancing cyber security within the energy sector. He has advised U.S. utilities on smart grid and resilient energy cyber security projects. He has also led a research and development team that successfully developed and then transitioned a bio-inspired cyber security software to industry. As an adjunct professor, Dr. McKinnon taught computer and network security courses at Washington State University. He is a member of the ACM and a senior member of the IEEE.

Photo of Lori Ross O’Neil

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Lori Ross O’Neil is a Senior Cyber Security Researcher, Technical Project Manager, and Cyber Security Team Leader at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. In her current role with PNNL, Ms O’Neil innovatively leads multi-million-dollar cyber-physical research projects. Her teams work in partnership with government agencies, academia, and industry to perform research and development to deliver innovative ‘first of a kind’ solutions in the mission to protect critical infrastructure. She serves on the (ISC)2 Board of Directors, a global cyber security nonprofit association, holds a degree in computer science, along with CISSP and PMP certifications. Prior to coming to PNNL, Ms O’Neil worked at NASA supporting the Space Shuttle’s avionics and simulations.

Silhouette of male

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Cullen Tollbom is a Cyber Security Engineer with 40 years of experience in network engineering, operating systems, and cyber defense systems. He joined PNNL in November of 1980, while attending high school, and went on to earn Bachelor of Science degrees in computer science and mathematics from Washington State University in 1985. This led to job opportunities in digital forensics, network protocol analysis, computer hardware, software, operating system and network defense, cryptography, distributed authentication, and mobile device security.

Photo of Jerry (Jey) Castleberry

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Jerry (Jey) Castleberry is an analyst in control systems cyber security at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, WA. His work has focused on protection of a variety of critical infrastructure sectors with a primary focus on energy. He has been a PNNL analyst for one year and has worked on a broad range of multidisciplinary cyber and cyber-physical security programs. Mr Castleberry has extensive experience working collaboratively with colleagues from international and domestic national laboratories, government agencies, and scientific organizations.

Photo of Roger Kwon

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Roger Kwon is a Cyber Security Engineer who joined PNNL in July 2016 after earning his Masters of Science in Computer Science and Cyber Security from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Mr Kwon is playing key roles in the development of cybersecurity maturity models, the application of augmented reality to cybersecurity (using Microsoft HoloLens 2), and cybersecurity vulnerability testing. He has supported the development of a set of Facility Cybersecurity Framework (FCF) training games, a Network Defense Training Game, and a Cyber Security Dictionary for FEMP (Federal Energy Management Program). Mr Kwon is fluent in Korean and was recently nominated to support the DoE Office of International Nuclear Security’s technical exchange with South Korea.

Photo of Dr. William Hutton III

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Dr. William Hutton spent four years in active duty with the United States Army as a Military Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Specialist. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Washington State University in 2018 and his B.A. in Philosophy from Central Washington University in 2002. Dr Hutton has over 35 years of software development and 25 years of system administration experience. He spent five years working at the Pacific Northwest’s only operating nuclear reactor before coming to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. While at PNNL Dr Hutton has focused on protecting critical infrastructure, including oversight of 100 private utilities’ cyber security plans and on-site assessments under the 2009 ARRA Smart Grid Investment Grant, cyber and physical security, including several cyber security patents, and vulnerability assessments in diverse sectors including finance, maritime shipping, as well as satellites, hydro, electric, and nuclear power.

 

Photo of Jacob Irwin

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, Washington, United States

Jacob Irwin is an Operational Technology Cybersecurity Specialist with the Seattle City Light Enterprise Cybersecurity Team. He provides cybersecurity engineering support and subject matter expertise for the city of Seattle municipal electric utility systems as well as any other OT specific cyber issues. He has worked in various areas of DoD and critical infrastructure technology for the last 25 years, starting with his service in the U.S. Navy as a data systems and electronics technician. He has held various positions with the Department of the Navy, as both an IT specialist and then as a cybersecurity engineer. He has also served most recently as and Information Systems Security Engineer, Deputy Project Manager with Naval Information Warfare Center on various Naval C4I and space systems and then as a cybersecurity engineer for buildings and connected systems at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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Keywords

A

AI
APT

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

D

DNS
DoD
DoS

I

IA
ICS

M

S

SOA

X

XRY

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