Mirroring a Progressive Muslim Proselytizer: Considering How Whaley’s Unexpected Players Can Influence Influencers in Islamic Boarding School Communities

Abstract:

The late American deception scholar Barton Whaley completed an unpublished manuscript in 1980 that explored the influence of unexpected players in deception and information warfare. This relatively unknown Whaley typology of misperception provides a conceptual framework for considering how the introduction of unexpected players into difficult cultural environments, such as Islamic boarding school communities, can make friendly influencers appear more authentic. This ethnography of communication case study suggests that pairing an Other with a native influencer, however counterintuitive, influences audiences to form more authentic impressions of native influencers because the Other is so different.


AUTHORS

Photo of Tim Pappa

Federal Bureau of Investigation Behavioral Analysis Unit 2
Quantico, Virginia, United States of America

Tim Pappa is a Supervisory Special Agent and a profiler with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and its Behavioral Analysis Unit-2.

Journal of Information Warfare

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Keywords

A

AI
APT

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

D

DNS
DoD
DoS

I

IA
ICS

M

S

SOA

X

XRY

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The definitive publication for the best and latest research and analysis on information warfare, information operations, and cyber crime. Available in traditional hard copy or online.

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