Information Security, Personality, and Justifications for Norm Violation

Abstract:

Human factors account for 27% of data breaches on the global scale. Even with clear and often strict policies in place, employees are often considered to be the weakest link in the field of Information Security (IS. This paper seeks to find one explanation for this phenomenon in military context by exploring military cadets’ personalities, as well as their reasons and justifications for using neutralisation techniques in order to deviate from organisational IS regulations. The results of this paper emphasise that a more personalised approach to IS education could be useful.


AUTHORS

Photo of Petteri Simola (Ph.D)

Human Performance Division Finnish Defence Research Agency Tuusula,
Finland

Petteri Simola (Ph.D.) is a senior psychologist at the Finnish Defence Research Agency (FDRA), Human Performance Division. He has been with FDRA since 2011 participating in research projects with various topics. He also holds the position of adjunct professor at Finnish Defence University. His work involves human aspects of information security, Human Factors, and aptitude testing in recruitment.

Photo of Toni Virtanen

Human Performance Division Finnish Defence Research Agency Tuusula,
Finland

Toni Virtanen is currently finishing his PhD in psychology at the University of Helsinki. He has been with Finnish Defence Reseach Agency (FDRA) since 2016 participating in research projects with various topics. Prior to FDRA, he was a project researcher and manager at the University of Helsinki. The research projects were made in joint collaboration with industry partners such as Nokia and Microsoft. Toni has received funding from User-Centered Information Technology (UCIT) Doctoral School and has also studied in the Aalto University Usability School Program. His research interests include cybersecurity, human factors, statistics, and human perception.

 

Photo of Miika Sartonen

Concepts and Doctrine Division Finnish Defence Research Agency Riihimäki,
Finland

Miika Sartonen is a specialist researcher at Finnish Defence Research Agency, Concepts and Doctrine Division He is pursuing a PhD at the Finnish Defence University. He has authored and co-authored articles on military influence.

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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