International Humanitarian Law and Cyber-Influence Operation

Abstract:

Cyber-influenc and ‘fake news’ have become common terms due to high profle inci-dents such as alleged tampering in the 2016 US elections. The majority of academic studies of cyber-infuence operations focus on mechanisms to conduct them or the security and societal im-pact thereof and fail to consider the legal perspectives of employing or mitigating cyber-influenceoperations. This paper identifiesthe common components and techniques of online influence,and provides a legal discussion based on regulatory documents and studies, including international humanitarian law and proposed international norms.


AUTHORS

Photo of Dr. Trishana Ramluckan

School of Law University of KwaZulu-Natal Durban,
South Africa

Dr. Trishana Ramluckan is an academic and researcher in the Information Technology and Governance field and has worked in the Higher Education sector for the past 12 years. In 2017 she graduated with a Doctor of Administration degree in Information Systems &Technology and Public Administration, School of Management, IST and Governance from the University of KwaZulu-Natal. She is currently a Post-Doctoral Researcher in International Cyber Law at the University of KwaZulu-Natal’s School of Law. Further to this, she serves on the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) working group 9.10 on ICT uses in Peace and War and the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace (GCSC) Research Advisory Group (RAG). She has contributed to the SABS working group for ISO/IEC standards for information security and is an ISACA South Africa Chapter Academic Advocate at UKZN. She is a reviewer for the International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism, the Journal of Contemporary Management, the annual International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security and the annual European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security. Her research areas include IT Governance and International Relations.

Photo of Dr. Brett van Niekerk

School of Management, IT and Governance University of KwaZulu-Natal
South Africa

Dr Brett van Niekerk is currently a senior lecturer in computer science at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and previously was a senior information security analyst at Transnet. He has 10 years’ experience in information security, cybersecurity and information operations spanning academia, industry and civil society. He serves as secretary for the International Federation of Information Processing Working Group 9.10 on ICT in Peace and War, co-Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism, Associate Editor for the International Journal of Information Security and Privacy, on the international advisory board for the Journal of Information Warfare, as a reviewer for multiple other international and local journal and conferences such as the International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security and the European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security. He previously served as ISACA South Africa’s Academic Relations Coordinator (2016-2018) and a contributor to the SABS working group for ISO/IEC 27000-series standards. In 2012 he graduated with his PhD and has subsequently completed two years of postdoctoral research into information warfare and critical infrastructure protection. He is an NRF rated researcher, and has made over 30 presentations at local and international conferences and has published ten book chapters and over 20 journal articles. He is a Certified Information Security Manager, achieving the third highest score in South Africa in the December 2014 exam period. In 2018 he was award ISACA South Africa’s contribution award for his work in information security and cybersecurity.

 

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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