Cyber-Physical War Gaming

Abstract:

This  paper  presents  general  strategies  for  cyber  war  gaming  of  Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) that are used for cyber security research at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL).  Since  Supervisory  Control  and  Data  Acquisition  (SCADA)  and  other  CPSs  are operational systems, it is difficult or impossible to perform security experiments on actual systems. The authors describe how tabletop strategy sessions and realistic, live CPS war games are conducted at ARL. They also discuss how the recorded actions of the war game activity can be used to test and validate cyber-defence models, such as game-theoretic security models.


AUTHORS

Photo of Dr. Edward Colbert

Computational and Information Sciences Directorate U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Adelphi, MD, U.S.A.

Dr. Edward Colbert Dr. Edward Colbert leads security research on methods for defending Army control systems and Internet of Things (IoT) systems in the Network Science Division at the US Army Research Laboratory (ARL).  Before working at ARL, Dr. Colbert performed telecommunications research for the Department of Defense, Verizon, and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

Photo of Daniel T. Sullivan

Computational and Information Sciences Directorate U.S. Army Research Laboratory
Adelphi, MD, U.S.A.

Daniel T. Sullivan received a BS degree in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois in 1983, and an MS degree in electrical engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1992. He is a Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and Global Industrial Cyber Security Professional (GISCP). He is the co-inventor of one patent, a senior principal software engineer at the Raytheon Company, and a member of the ICF International team supporting the US Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center (CERDEC) in Adelphi, MD. At CERDEC, he researches methods to defend Army cyber- physical systems.

Photo of Dr. Alexander Kott

Computational and Information Sciences Directorate U.S. Army Research Laboratory Adelphi, MD
U.S.A.

Alexander Kott earned his PhD in mechanical engineering from the University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, in 1989, where he researched AI approaches to invention of complex systems. He serves as the US Army Research Laboratory’s Chief Scientist in Adelphi, MD. In this role, he provides leadership in developing ARL technical strategy, maintaining technical quality of ARL research, and representing ARL to the external technical community. Between 2009 and 2016, he was Chief of the Network Science Division, Computational and Information Sciences Directorate, ARL, and was responsible for fundamental research and applied development in network science and science for cyber defense.                                                                                        

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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