Towards the Establishment of an African Cyber-Army

ABSTRACT

Cybersecurity has become a critical element of the national security of countries. A cyber-army is a group of soldiers highly skilled in information technology with cyber skills. Cyber-armies are the unseen military cyber power which countries should employ to maintain national cybersecurity. A cyber-army has the ability to launch cyberattacks and collect information in order to gain a strategic military advantage. In this paper, selected cyber-armies are compared. The focus is on the establishment of an African Cyber-Army to defend and protect cyber sovereignty. An African Cyber-Army has to serve nations whose citizens often have low levels of cybersecurity awareness in conjunction with rapidly growing rates of access to cyberspace.


AUTHORS

Photo of Mike Aschmann

Directorate Information Warfare South African National Defence Force, Pretoria, South Africa and University of Venda
South Africa

Mike J. Aschmann is a Lieutenant Colonel in the South African National Defence Force (SANDF), Directorate Information Warfare (DIW). He is currently in the twenty-third year of his military service; for the first ten years, he was an infantry officer in the operational environment at various units within the SANDF. Since then, he has been involved in both the Signal and Information Warfare environment and has been deployed both internally and externally in Africa.

Photo of Professor Joey Jansen van Vuuren (PhD)

Tshwane University of Technology Pretoria,
South Africa

Prof. Joey Jansen van Vuuren (PhD) heads the Computer Science Department at Tshwane University of Technology and is Vice Chair of IFIP (International Federation for Information Processing) Working Group 9.10. Her research focus is on cybersecurity, education, government, and policy. She was the coordinator of the South African Cybersecurity Centre of Innovation for the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) that initiated several cybersecurity government initiatives in South Africa. The centre focused on the promotion of research collaboration, cybersecurity education, and the exchange of cyber threats. Previously as the Research Group Leader for Cyber Defence at CSIR, she set the strategic research direction for the research conducted for the South African National Defence Force and Government sectors on Cyber Defence.

Photo of Dr. Louise Leenen

University of the Western Cape and Center for Artificial Intelligence Research Cape Town,
South Africa

Louise Leenen areas of specialization are Artificial Intelligence applications in Cyber Defence and mathematical modelling. She is currently an Associate Professor at the University of the Western Cape in South Africa. She is the Chair of the International Federation for Information Processing’s Working Group 9.10 on ICT Uses in Peace and War. Louise holds a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Wollongong in Australia.

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

D

DNS
DoD
DoS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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