New Technologies: Dissonance, Influence and Radical Behaviours

Abstract

Increasingly in cyberspace, the targets of influence and propaganda are becoming active participants in the process, as such phenomena such as social web sites allow arguments to be started, reinforced and added to be others within the group. This dynamic multi-channel process of indoctrination enabled by Web 2 tools has brought a new dimension to the development of influence. This speculative paper argues that although conventional access to messages on the Internet will reinforce, and possibly change attitudes, any dissonance caused by the ideas presented will not necessarily end in changing behaviours. Shocking images and contrary views that cause dissonance with ‘acceptable’ behaviour patterns and national myths will not necessarily end with ‘conversions’ of the participants and lead to extremist behaviour. The caveat here is that the process of radicalization has not already been started by other factors. However, the advent of Web 2 and mobile technology has created a more problematic situation where virtual communities have provided previously missing elements needed to change cognition into behaviour – a sense of belonging and a like-minded support group.

This paper comments on the impact of new technologies in creating dissonance and speculates on its impact which may or may not lead to radical changes in behaviour.


AUTHORS

Photo of William (Bill) Hutchinson

Security Research Institute Edith Cowan University Perth,
Australia.

Bill Hutchinson was Foundation IBM Chair in Information Security, Director of SECAU (Security Research Centre), and Coordinator of the Information Operations and Security programmes in the School of Computer and Security Science at Edith Cowan University, Perth, Western Australia. From 2000 to 2010, he was the Chief Editor and founder of the Journal of Information Warfare, a member of the editorial board of the Journal of the Australian Institute of Professional Intelligence Officers (AIPIO), and the Chair of the Western Australian chapter of the American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS). At present, Bill is investigating the concept of deceiving autonomous robots, writing a book on deception, serving as Guest Editor of the 20th anniversary edition of the JIW, and supporting researchers and course designers whenever he can.

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

D

DNS
DoD
DoS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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