Software as a Weapon: Factors Contributing to the Development and Proliferation

Abstract:

The concepts of cyber-arms races and cyber-weapon proliferation have been on the horizon for almost two decades, with Stuxnet often cited as a proof-of-concept. However, the factors driving an actor, for example, a state, to engage in development and proliferation are underexplored. Taking a theoretical approach, this paper seeks to determine the most important factors by comparing and contrasting traditional proliferation literature spanning nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, as well as small arms and light weapons. The results will show that the source of the impetus can be split into three main interconnected strands: capabilities, motivations, and restraints.


AUTHORS

Centre for Doctoral Training in Cyber Security University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom

Jantje Silomon is a DPhil (PhD) student in cyber security at the University of Oxford. Her main research interest is cyber security, with a focus on malware weaponization. She has previously worked in both academia and the private sector.

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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