The Impact of Perspective on the Effects and Outcomes of Conflict

ABSTRACT

Conflicts in the contemporary world are manifold and have various characteristics. They range from primitive wars fought with ‘stone-age’ weapons to post-modern conflicts fought with competing arguments over the world wide digital network. In conventional thinking, the conflict is classified as being such as ’conventional war’, or ‘counter-terrorism’, or ‘low intensity conflict’ and a myriad of other types. This paper suggests that the way a conflict is viewed will determine the outcomes or effects produced rather than a conflict being intrinsically of a particular type. The perspective taken of the conflict will determine the methods to combat it and thus the subsequent effects. In the contemporary world, this is especially of concern with the practice of counter-terrorist activities.


AUTHORS

Photo of Professor William Hutchinson

Associate Professor, School of Management Information Systems Edith Cowan University,
Australia.

Professor Bill Hutchinson is now an honorary professor at the Security Research Institute at Edith Cowan University and an adjunct at Curtin University in the National Security department. He was formally the Foundation IBM Chair in Information Security, Director of SECAU (Security Research Centre) and was coordinator of the Information Operations and Security programmes at Edith Cowan University, Western Australia. Bill was the co-founder of the Journal of Information Warfare. He initiated the Australian and New Zealand Systems Conference and the Australian Conference on Information Warfare. He has 33 years’ experience in information systems, systems thinking, influence operations and security in government, the oil and finance industries, and academia. He has a PhD from Murdoch University in systems methodologies and has published numerous journal papers as well as authoring two books. Bill is Chair of the West Australian chapter of the American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS).

Photo of Aki-Mauri Huhtinen

Finnish National Defence University Helsinki
Finland

Dr. Aki-Mauri Huhtinen, (LTC [GS]) is a military professor in the Department of Leadership and Military Pedagogy at the Finnish National Defence University, Helsinki, Finland. His areas of expertise are military leadership, command and control, the philosophy of science in military organisational research, and the philosophy of war. He has published peer-reviewed journal articles, a book chapter, and books on information warfare and non-kinetic influence in the battle space. He has also organised and led several research and development projects in the Finnish Defence Forces from 2005 to 2015.

 

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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