Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance and Electromagnetic Warfare Methods for Cyber Signature Production: A Conceptual Model

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to offer a methodology using the already mature signature production capabilities offered within the intelligence and electromagnetic warfare fields to develop a similar capability for cyber operators. Not only will the tools and TTPs assist in target and signature production, but they will also make attribution much easier by capturing the common location, profile, and parametric data necessary to identify and to verify adversary identities. In the information related capability (IRC) disciplines of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and electromagnetic warfare (EW), signature production based on parametric data, adversary tactics, techniques, procedures (TTPs), and methodologies have long been the operational answer to the attribution and targeting malaise. Cyber has historically been considered an information related capability to intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance and electromagnetic warfare and the recent strategic shift to combine these information-related capabilities (along with information operations) into a super-strategic construct offers further connectivity between all of these information related capabilities through TTPs, philosophies, and analytical prowess. Here, the author will further develop how to potentially construct cyber signatures for adversary attribution, tracking, and targeting using intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance analysis and techniques, electromagnetic warfare methods and technology, and will explore how these can be integrated with current cyber methods and analytical scaffolds. Additionally, a conceptual cyber signature capability model will be presented.


AUTHORS

Photo of Dr. Joshua Alton Sipper

Air University, Air Force Cyber College
Montgomery, Alabama, United States

Dr. Joshua Alton Sipper currently serves as a Professor of Cyber Warfare Studies at the Air Force Cyber College, Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB. He completed his doctoral work at Trident University in September of 2012, earning a PhD in Educational Leadership (emphasis, E-Learning Leadership). Dr. Sipper’s previous degrees were obtained from Troy University (M.Ed. Education) and Faulkner University (B.S. English). Dr. Sipper is a veteran who served honourably in the U.S. Air Force in the intelligence career field and worked for Lockheed Martin in a similar capacity on the U2 program. More recently, Dr. Sipper shifted his focus into the cyber realm as a Systems Engineer for General Dynamics at the Air Force’s 26th Network Operations Squadron, followed by an eight-year stint as a civil servant in the Air Force cyber career field at the Curtis E. LeMay Center for Doctrine Development and Education. Dr. Sipper’s current research interests include cyber ISR, policy, strategy, and warfare.

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Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

D

DNS
DoD
DoS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

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