Twitter Deception and Influence: Issues of Identity, Slacktivism, and Puppetry

ABSTRACT

There is a lack of clarity within the social media domain about the number of discrete participants. Influence and measurement within new media is skewed towards the biggest numbers, resulting in fake tweets, sock puppets, and a range of force multipliers such as botnets, application programming interfaces (APIs), and cyborgs. Social media metrics are sufficiently manipulated away from authentic discrete usage so that the trustworthiness of identity, narrative, and authority are constantly uncertain. Elections, social causes, political agendas and new modes of online governance can now be influenced by a range of virtual entities that can cajole and redirect opinions without affirming identity or allegiance. Using the 2013 Australian Federal Election as a case study, this study demonstrates the need to increase legitimacy and validity in micro-blogging forms of new media and the need for multi-factor authentication.


AUTHORS

Photo of David Cook

School of Computer and Security Science, and ECU Security Research Institute Edith Cowan University
Australia

David Cook is a researcher in the Edith Cowan University Security Research Institute (ECUSRI) and is also a lecturer in security in the School of Computer and Security Science. He obtained an MBA from Murdoch University and is completing his doctoral studies in e-Governance and Human Computer Interactions. David lecturers in security and specialises in e-Governance, Cyber Ethics, Cyber resilience, Counter Terrorism, Money Laundering, and CIP. David was formerly the Manager of the SECAU Security Research Centre and is currently the Chair of the Australian Computer Society.

Photo of Benjamin Waugh

School of Computer and Security Science, Edith Cowan University
Australia

Benjamin Waugh graduated from Edith Cowan University with a degree in Counter Terrorism, Security and Intelligence. He majored in Computer Security. Benjamin has recently led a research team specialising in security issues relating to social media and fraud. His research interests include Counter Intelligence, Counter Terrorism, Information Security, and New Media.

Photo of Maldini Abdipanah

School of Computer and Security Science, Edith Cowan University
Australia

Maldini Abdipanah is an undergraduate student at Edith Cowan University. He is studying toward a Bachelor of Science and specialises in Cyber Security. His research interests include Computer Facilities Security and Network Security.

Photo of Omid Hashemi

School of Computer and Security Science, Edith Cowan University
Australia

Omid Hashemi is an undergraduate student at Edith Cowan University in Perth Western Australia. He is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Computer and Network Security. His research interests include Communications and Ethical Hacking.

School of Computer and Security Science, Edith Cowan University
Australia

Shaquille Abdul Rahman is a computer security student at Edith Cowan University. He has a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science. He majored in computer science and computer security. He is currently working toward a Master’s of Computer and Network Security at ECU.

Journal of Information Warfare

The definitive publication for the best and latest research and analysis on information warfare, information operations, and cyber crime. Available in traditional hard copy or online.

Quick Links

View the latest issue of JIW.

Latest Edition

Purchase a subscription to JIW.

Subscribe

Keywords

C

C2
C2S
CDX
CIA
CIP
CPS

I

IA
ICS

S

SOA

X

XRY

Quill Logo

The definitive publication for the best and latest research and analysis on information warfare, information operations, and cyber crime. Available in traditional hard copy or online.

SUBSCRIBE NOW

Get in touch

  • Journal of Information Warfare
    114 Ballard Street
    Yorktown, VA
    23690
  • 757.871.3949
  • jiw@gbpts.com